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Breed Characteristics (Rate of Maturity)

Last Updated: Jan 18, 2016 01:21PM EST
You may notice in each breed description we have listed a "Matures" characteristic. While breeds do have a general range of rate of maturity: environment and nutritional care can effect the maturity rate for size and/or egg production. It is also possible that some within your flock may not mature as quickly as others even if they are of the same breed type. Overall, once fully mature they will look more uniform to one another. 

The averages below are estimations, they are not guaranteed due to the reasons listed above, as there are quite a few factors that effect the rate of growth/maturity.

Classifications (Production/Dual Purpose Breeds):
Early to Mature - 15-18 weeks of age, Dual Purpose(Process for meat): 12-16 weeks 
Moderately Early - 16-20 weeks of age, Dual Purpose(Process for meat): 15-20 weeks
Average - 17-25 weeks of age.
Slow -  25-30 weeks of age, Dual Purpose(Process for meat):25-30+ weeks

Guide:
Eggs: Age in which hens would begin to lay. (Example: 17-20 wks, hens are typically within the age range of 17-20 weeks of age when it first lays an egg, for that particular breed).
Rooster: Age in which roosters would become a mature weight to process. (Example: 16-20 wks, Rooster should be large enough to process by 16-20 weeks of age)
Production: Average eggs per week at peak production age. (Example: 4-5 eggs/wk ; once in a regular laying pattern the breed will lay about 4-5 eggs a week)

Production and Dual Purpose Breeds:

                                                           
      Golden Buff                      Rhode Island Red           Barred Plymouth Rock        White Plymouth Rock
Eggs: 17-20 wks                 Eggs: 16-20 wks                         Eggs: 15-18 wks                  Eggs: 15-18 wks
Rooster: 16-18 wks            Rooster: 16-18 wks                     Rooster: 16-20 wks              Rooster: 16-20 wks
Production: 5+ eggs/wk     Production: 5+ eggs/wk              Production: 4-5 eggs/wk     Production: 4-5 eggs/wk 

                                                        
 Partridge Rock                  Speckled Sussex           Silver Laced Wyandotte    Golden Laced Wyandotte
Eggs: 16-18 wks                 Eggs: 16-20 wks                      Eggs: 16-20 wks                  Eggs: 16-20 wks
Rooster: 16-20wks             Rooster: 16-20 wks                  Rooster: 16-20 wks              Rooster: 16-20 wks
Production: 4-5 eggs/wk   Production: 4-5 eggs/wk           Production: 4-5 eggs/wk      Production: 4-5 eggs/wk
                                                      
Columbian Wyandotte   Blue Laced Red Wyandotte        Buff Orpington                  Blue Oprington
Eggs:  16-20 wks                     Eggs: 15-18 wks                  Eggs: 20-24 wks                 Eggs: 20-24 wks
Rooster:16-20 wks                 Rooster: 16-20 wks              Rooster: 20-24 wks               Rooster: 20-24 wks
Production: 4-5 eggs/wk       Production: 4-5 eggs/wk      Production: 3-4 eggs/wk        Production: 3-4 eggs/wk
                                                   
Black Jersey Giant        Partridge Penedesenca          New Hampshire Red              Black Australorp
Eggs: 16-24 wks                      Eggs: 20-24 wks                   Eggs: 12-16 wks                    Eggs: 16-20 wks
Rooster: 24+ wks              Rooster: Non-Dual Purpose        Rooster:  12-16 wks              Rooster: 15-18 wks
Production: 3-4 eggs/wk       Production: 4-5 eggs/wk      Production: 4-5 eggs/wk         Production: 5+ eggs/wk
                                               
Light Brahma                      Buff Brahma                         Dominique                          Buckeye
Eggs: 20-30 wks                   Eggs: 20 wks                      Eggs: 16-20 wks                  Eggs: 16-20 wks
Rooster: 24+ wks                Rooster: 24+ wks                 Rooster: 15-18 wks             Rooster: 15-20 wks
Production: 3-4 eggs/wk    Production: 3-4 eggs/wk        Production: 3-4 eggs/wk     Production: 3-4 eggs/wk 

                                          
Delaware                              Buff Chanteclers                   Barnevelder                  Dark Cornish
Eggs: 16-20 wks                       Eggs:16-20 wks                Eggs: 20-24 wks                  Eggs: 24 wks
Rooster: 12-16 wks                   Rooster: 16-20                 Rooster: 20-24 wks              Rooster: 24 wks
Production: 4-5 eggs/wk        Production: 3-4 eggs/wk      Production: 3-4 eggs/wk    Production: poor (1-3 per wk)

                                                
Cuckoo Marans                       Welsummer                Golden Cuckoo Marans       Blue Copper Marans
Eggs: 16-20 wks                     Eggs: 16-20 wks                  Eggs: 16-20 wks                Eggs: 16-20 wks
Rooster: 16-20 wks             Rooster:  20-24 wks               Rooster: 16-20 wks              Rooster: 16-20 wks
Production: 3-4 eggs/wk     Production: 3-4 eggs/wk        Production: 3-4 eggs/wk      Production: 3-4 eggs/wk

                           
Black Copper Marans        Blue Splash Marans            Cochin (Blue, White, Silver Laced, Partridge)
Eggs: 16-20 wks                   Eggs: 16-20 wks                  Eggs:  24 weeks of age (possibly between 24-30)   Rooster: 15-18 wks              Rooster: 16-20 wks                Rooster:  16-20 weeks of age (a good Capon Bird)     Production: 3-4 eggs/wk     Production: 3-4 eggs/wk           Production: 2-3 eggs/wk        

                                              
Blue Ameraucana                  Cream Legbar                   White Marans                 Jubilee Orpington
Eggs:  18-22 wks                  Eggs:  21-23 wks                  Eggs: 20-24 wks                  Eggs: 20-24 wks
Rooster:  15-18 wks             Rooster:  15-18 wks               Rooster: 16-20 wks             Rooster: 15-18 wks
Production: 3-4 eggs/wk     Production: 3-4 eggs/wk        Production: 3-4 eggs/wk        Production: 3-4 eggs/wk

                                                 
Lavender Orpington               White Leghorn                    Light Brown Leghorn        Exchequer Leghorn
Eggs: 20-24 wks                Eggs: 17-20 wks                     Eggs: 17-20 wks                         Eggs: 17-20 wks
Rooster:                                                         No time recommendation for processing due to light weight              
Production: 3-4 eggs/wk   Production: 5+ eggs/wk        Production: 3-4 eggs/wk            Production: 5+ eggs/wk
                                                    
Blue Andalusian        Sicilian Buttercup      German Spitzhauben (Appenzeller)  Silver Spangled Hamburg
Eggs:  20-24 wks           Eggs:   20-24 wks                     Eggs:   16-20 wks                              Eggs: 16-20 wks
                                                No time recommendation for processing due to light weight                                         
PR: 3-4 eggs/wk             PR: 3-4 eggs/wk                        PR: 2-4 eggs/wk                                PR: 4-5 eggs/wk
                                            
Silver Lakenvelder            Golden Campine                     Black Sumatra                       Ancona
Eggs:   16-20 wks              Eggs:  16-20 wks                    Eggs: 20-24 wks                     Eggs: 20-24 wks
                                                No time recommendation for processing due to light weight                                         
Production: 3-4 eggs/wk   Production: 3-4 eggs/wk        Production: Poor (1-2 eggs/wk)    PR: 4-5 eggs/wk

                                  
                             Polish (Golden Laced, White Crested Black/Blue, Buff Laced, Silver Laced)
                                                                          Eggs: 20-24 weeks of age
                                                No time recommendation for processing due to light weight                                         
                                                                       Production: 2-3 eggs per week.

                                            
Egyptian Fayoumis 
‚Äč                   White Sultan                     Easter Eggers               Salmon Faverolles
Eggs: 16-20 wks                        Eggs:  20-24 wks           Eggs: 16-20 wks                     Eggs: 16-20 wks
      No time recommendation for processing due to light weight                                    Rooster: 16-20 wks
Production: 3-4 eggs/wk     Production: 2-3 eggs/wk     Production: 3-4 eggs/wk        Production: 4-5 eggs/wk


Silver Gray Dorking
Eggs: 20-24 wks
Rooster: 20-24 wks                   
Production: 3-4 eggs/wk

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